Banded Coral Shrimp (Stenopus hispidus)

Presence of the Banded Coral Shrimp (Stenopus hispidus Olivier, 1811) around the Snoopy Island, Emirate of Fujairah, United Arab Emirates, Gulf of Oman, Arab Sea

 تواجد الروبيان المُرجاني ذو النطاقات قرب جزيرة سنوبي ، إمارة الفُجيرة ، دولة الإمارات العربية المُتحدة ، خليج عُمان 

By : Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Mohammad Ahmad Mostafa Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa & Ola Mostafa Esmail Mostafa Khalaf

Article Reference :  Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Mohammad Ahmad Mostafa & Ola Mostafa Esmail Mostafa Khalaf (2018). Presence of the Banded Coral Shrimp (Stenopus hispidus Olivier, 1811) around the Snoopy Island, Emirate of Fujairah, United Arab Emirates, Gulf of Oman, Arab Sea. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. ISSN 0178 – 6288. Number 157, January 2018, pp. 1-13. Dubai and Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://marine-life-uae-2.webs.com/

The Banded Coral Shrimp (Stenopus hispidus Olivier, 1811) around the Snoopy Island, Emirate of Fujairah, United Arab Emirates, Gulf of Oman .. Photo by Ola Mostafa Khalaf .. 14.04.2017. https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1903627009890675&set=a.1408184479434933.1073741829.100007301827082&type=3&theater

ينتمي الروبيان المُرجاني ذو النطاقات إلى الحيوانات البحرية القشرية عُشارية الأرجل ، ويصل طوله ما بين 7-10 سنتيمترات ، ويكون طول الذكر أصغر وجسمهُ أضعف من الأنثى . ويُمكن تمييز الأنثى بوجود المبايض ذات اللون الأخضر ، والتي يُمكن رؤيتها بسهولة من خلال القشرة الخارجية الشفافة . ويكون لون الجسم الأساسي شفاف مع وجود نطاقات بيضاء وحمراء اللون على طول القشرة الخارجية والمنطقة البطنية والزوج الثالث من الأرجل . ويوجد على الرأس أربعة قرون إستشعار ، منها إثنتان ذات منبت شوكي . ويصل طول قرون الإستشعار إلى ضعفي طول الجسم . ويكون سطح الجسم مُغطى بإبر قصيرة يتم إستخدامها للدفاع عن النفس . وتكون للأزواج الثلاثة الأولى من الأرجل ملاقط ، يتم إستخدامها لتنظيف الأسماك . وهذا الروبيان معروف أيضاً بالروبيان المُنظف ، لأنه يقوم بتنظيف أجسام الأسماك الكبيرة وتخليصها من الأنسجة الميتة والطحالب والطفيليات . كما يتغذى أيضاً على الأسماك الصغيرة والقشريات والحلزونات والديدان البحرية . وهو ينتظر زبائنهُ من الأسماك الكبيرة وهو بوضع مقلوب ، مع قيامهِ بحركات راقصة مُحركاً جِسمه وقرون إستشعارهِ البيضاء اللون للفت إنتباه هذه الأسماك . وهو من الحيوانات القشرية البحرية التي ترتاح نهاراً ، وتُصبح نشيطة وقت الغسق . وهو يعيش مع أنثاه الوحيدة في منطقة يتراوح قطرها من 1-2 متراً ، ولا يسمح بتواجد أي روبيان آخر في منطقتهِ . ويقوم قبل التزاوج برقصات غزلية لجذب الأنثى ، ثم يقوم بنقل كيس الحيوانات المنوية إلى أنثاه ، والتي تقوم بإستخدامها لتلقيح البيض ، والذي يكون مُلتصقاً بالأرجل البطنية . وتفقس الصغار بعد 16 يوماً . وترتبط الصغار مع أمهاتها لمدة 6 أسابيع ، قبل أن تصبح جزءاً من البلانكتونات الحيوانية البحرية . وبعد عدة أسابيع ، وبعد مرات عديدة من تساقط وإستبدال قشرتها الخارجية ، يُصبح هذا الروبيان حيواناً مُستقراً . ويعيش هذا الروبيان المُرجاني حتى عُمر 2-3 سنوات ... الصورتان للروبيان المُرجاني ذو النطاقات حول جزيرة سنوبي في بحر الفُجيرة على عُمق 6 أمتار ... تصوير مُدربة الغواصين الكابتن الأستاذة عُلا خلف ... 14.04.2017

The Banded Coral Shrimp (Stenopus hispidus Olivier, 1811) around the Snoopy Island, Emirate of Fujairah, United Arab Emirates, Gulf of Oman .. Photo by Ola Mostafa Khalaf .. 14.04.2017. http://marine-life-uae-2.webs.com/

On Friday 14.04.2017, PADI Dive Instructor Ola Mostafa Khalaf managed to shoot magnificent photos of the Banded Coral Shrimp (Stenopus hispidus Olivier, 1811) near the Snoopy Island, Emirate of Fujairah, United Arab Emirates, Gulf of Oman, Arab Sea, Indian Ocean.


Stenopus hispidus is a shrimp-like decapod crustacean belonging to the infraorder Stenopodidea. Common names include Banded Coral Shrimp and Banded Cleaner Shrimp (Wikipedia).

Description

The Banded Coral Shrimp (Stenopus hispidus) is up to 7-10 cm long, the male being smaller and more slender. The female can also be recognized by the presence of greenish ovaries visible through the transparent carapace. It has a striking colouration. The ground colour is transparent, but the carapaceabdomen and the large third pereiopod are all banded red and white. The antennae and other pereiopods are white. At the head there are four, white antennae of which two are forked. The antennae are twice as long as the body. The abdomen, carapace and third pereiopods are covered in spines, which are used in defense. The first three pairs of legs have forceps, the third pair being significantly larger but the others are mainly used for cleaning fishes (WAZA & Wikipedia).

Ecology

The Banded Coral Shrimp Stenopus hispidus lives below the intertidal zone, at depth of up to 210 meters (690 feet), on coral reefs (Wikipedia). It is a non-obligate cleaner shrimp of larger fishes and therefore waits - upside down - for customers swimming by. To signal is willing to clean it performs a dance shaking its white antennae and banded body (WAZA). Stenopus hispidus uses its three pairs of claws to remove parasites, fungi and damaged tissue from the fish (Wikipedia). It may also feed on small fishes, other crustaceans, snails and worms. Sometimes food is shared among mated partners. It rests by day and becomes active at dusk. Strong flips of its tail will help the Banded Coral Shrimp to escape in case of danger although no natural predatory enemies are known (WAZA).


The species lives in monogamy and occupies territories of 1-2 meter in diameter. Other crustaceans are not accepted within the territory. During mating the male will first display a courtship dance in front of the female. The male then transfers a sperm sack to the freshly moulted female which soon will inseminate the eggs and stick them to the abdominal legs. The young hatch after 16 days. Hatchlings will be attached to their mother for about six weeks before becoming part of the plankton. After some weeks and several moults the young settle down. The Banded Coral Shrimp may live 2-3 years, sometimes longer (WAZA).

Lost limbs are regenerated quite easily during the next moult (WAZA).

Distribution

Stenopus hispidus has a pan-tropical distribution, extending into some temperate areas. It is found in the western Atlantic Ocean from Canada to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico. In Australia, it is found as far south as Sydney and it also occurs around New Zealand (Wikipedia).

Indian Ocean (Native); Atlantic Ocean (Native); Pacific Ocean (Native) (Atlas of Living Australia).

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